Not So Secret History: Eugenics in America

Originally Posted on Blogging for Books

This post is for educational purposes only. All images owned by the American Philosophical Society Library.

Any group of farmers who permitted their best stock not to breed, and let all the increase come from the worst stock, would be treated as fit inmates for an asylum.

Theodore Roosevelt, 26th U.S. President

This collection of images show a history of America that is not often talked about. Touted as the Land of Freedom and Progress, history such as the Eugenics Programs that inspired Hitler beg to differ. These images from the American Philosophical Society Library are from the Eugenics Record Office (1910-1939).

The Eugenics Record Office (ERO) was a research institute established by the Carnegie Institute and financed primarily by the Institute, the Rockefeller Family, and Mary Harriman, an American Philanthropist. Charles Davenport, the founder of the ERO, believed that it was necessary to apply Mendelian Genetics to humans and together with the help of his wife Gertrude Davenport, an embryologist and geneticist, they wrote papers supporting the ERO and his ideas about Mendelian Genetics and humans.

Not only was the ERO financed by well-known and respected members of American Society, it was also run by various committees with other influential people. The Committee on Inheritance of Mental Traits included among its members Robert M. Yerkes and Edward L. Thorndike. The Committee on Heredity of Deafmutism included Alexander Graham Bell. Harry H. Laughlin was on the Committee on Sterilization, and the Committee on the Heredity of the Feeble Minded included, among others, Henry Herbert Goddard. Other prominent board members included scientists like Irving Fisher, William E. Castle, and Adolf Meyer (Wikipedia).

These photos, which were given to the American Philosophical Society Library, are some of the non-genealogical material collected by the ERO. The collection mainly consists of portraits of those deemed to be “Unfit” as well as photos of newspaper articles supporting Eugenics, Pedigrees, propaganda, and portraits of notable figures and contests showcasing “Fitter Families”.

While the ERO was eventually closed down due to the rise of Nazism and large criticism, it’s role in American Eugenics is just a small drop in the bucket of Eugenics in the United States.


Unknown Artist

Family affected by albinism. 1938

Photomechanical prints

Eugenics Record Office Records, American Philosophical Society Library

https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/family-affected-albinism


 

Unknown Artist

Midgets at Luna Park, Coney Island, New York. n.d.

Photomechanical prints

Eugenics Record Office Records, American Philosophical Society Library

https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/midgets-luna-park-coney-island-new-york


Unknown Artist

Toney, Alligator Skin Boy, Dreamland Circus Side Show, Coney Island, N. Y. 1927

Photomechanical prints

Eugenics Record Office Records, American Philosophical Society Library

https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/toney-alligator-skin-boy-dreamland-circus-side-show-coney-island-n-y


 

Unknown Artist

Mongolian Idiots Hands. n.d.

Photomechanical prints

Eugenics Record Office Records, American Philosophical Society Library

https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/mongolian-idiots-hands


 

Unknown Artist

Flashing light sign “Some People are Born to be a Burden on the Rest” used with small exhibit. 1926

Photomechanical prints

Eugenics Record Office Records, American Philosophical Society Library

https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/flashing-light-sign-some-people-are-born-be-burden-rest-used-small-exhibit


 

Unknown Artist

Flashing light sign “Learn About Heredity, You can help to correct these conditions” used with small exhibit. 1926

Photomechanical prints

Eugenics Record Office Records, American Philosophical Society Library

https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/flashing-light-sign-learn-about-heredity-you-can-help-correct-these-conditions-used

 


Unknown Artist

Board showing color inheritance in guinea pigs. 1926

Photomechanical prints

Eugenics Record Office Records, American Philosophical Society Library

https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/board-showing-color-inheritance-guinea-pigs


 

Unknown Artist

Chart used at Kansas Free Fair describing “unfit human traits” and the importance of eugenic marriage. 1929

Photomechanical prints

Eugenics Record Office Records, American Philosophical Society Library

https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/chart-used-kansas-free-fair-describing-unfit-human-traits-and-importance-eugenic

 


 

Unknown Artist

“Eugenics, like a tree, Eugenics draws its materials from many sources…” n.d.

Photomechanical prints

Eugenics Record Office Records, American Philosophical Society Library

https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/eugenics-tree-eugenics-draws-its-materials-many-sources%E2%80%A6


Unknown Artist

“How to Keep Well: Results of Mixing the Races.” 1927

Clippings

Eugenics Record Office Records, American Philosophical Society Library

https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/how-keep-well%3A-results-mixing-races


 

Unknown Artist

Zoology Department Course Descriptions: Heredity and Genetics, Social Hygiene, University of Idaho. 1920

Clippings

Eugenics Record Office Records, American Philosophical Society Library

https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/zoology-department-course-descriptions%3A-heredity-and-genetics-social-hygiene

 


 

Unknown Artist

Banquet tendered physicians and delegates to the national Conference on Race Betterment by the Battle Creek Sanitarium portrait in dining hall. 1914

Gelatin silver prints

Eugenics Record Office Records, American Philosophical Society Library

https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/banquet-tendered-physicians-and-delegates-national-conference-race-betterment

 


 

Unknown Artist

Eugenic and Health Exhibit, Kansas Free Fair. 1929

Photomechanical prints

Eugenics Record Office Records, American Philosophical Society Library

https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/eugenic-and-health-exhibit-kansas-free-fair-1929

 


Unknown Artist

Winner of Large Family Class, Kansas Free Fair. 1925.

Photomechanical prints

Eugenics Record Office Records, American Philosophical Society Library

https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/winner-large-family-class-kansas-free-fair-1925


 

Unknown Artist

Family of Honorable mention, Large Family Class, Fitter Families Contest, Kansas Free Fair. 1923

Photomechanical prints

Eugenics Record Office Records, American Philosophical Society Library

https://diglib.amphilsoc.org/islandora/object/family-honorable-mention-large-family-class-fitter-families-contest-kansas-free

 

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How Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild Reinvigorated my Nintendo Love

I have been a Nintendo stan since I was in diapers. I watched my grandpa play Super Mario 64, GoldenEye 007, Donkey Kong, everything which is one reason I now like watching YouTube gaming playthroughs. When I got old enough I would play Mario Paint and eventually I moved to the computer. Nintendo, however, has always kept a special place in my heart and I have owned every system they have released since the N64. I even failed out of my 2nd semester of college because of Twilight Princess.

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My Jungle Green N64 and GameBoy Micro (they only sold for a hot minute)

Of course Smash Bros was something I still played and sometimes Mario Kart, but now that I’m an adult and I have found my true video game passion, RPGs, I found Nintendo games lacking for want of a better term. This all changed, however, with Breath of the Wild (BOTW). I haven’t played a Zelda game in 10 years, but I knew I was in for a treat the first time I got distracted.

Let me backtrack to say I love RPGs because I like playing as myself, but I also love just dicking around. Maybe I’ll follow up on the lead I just heard or I’ll go mine this planet for resources. Who knows, but as long as I can put the main quest off until I have nothing left to do, I’m solid. I mean I’ve been playing Fallout 4 since the day it came out and I still haven’t been to the Institute.

That little tangent brings me to what I love about BOTW. I end up playing hours at a time without realizing it, my only sign is the parental controls timer yelling at me that my 2 hours is up. And when I look back at what I’ve accomplished in that time frame? It’s safe to say that my ingredients bag is full and I’m on the opposite side of the map I had planned on being at.

Besides the running around aimlessly for hours, I love jumping off of stuff. It’s my favorite feature of Assassin’s Creed games along with climbing up shit for no reason. My goal in BOTW is to climb every single mountain and glide off it. It doesn’t hurt that Korok’s are everywhere and that you find some cool loot hidden away in caves.

I can’t say enough good things about BOTW and I know that as soon as I’m finished, Imma start it over again. So if you haven’t gotten the chance, get a Switch and get Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild. I even provided easy links.

Super Mansion

Sony announced that “SuperMansion” Season 3 will premiere May 7th on Crackle with episodes streaming weekly. They also dropped never before seen artwork AND a trailer.

Bryan Cranston (“Breaking Bad”), Keegan-Michael Key (“Key & Peele”), Chris Pine (“Star Trek”), Jillian Bell (“22 Jump Street”), Yvette Nicole Brown, Heidi Gardner, Tucker Gilmore (“Frozen”) and Zeb Wells (also writer) will all return as voice-over stars. Additionally, Breckin Meyer will return as Courtney and newcomer Mikey Day (“Saturday Night Live”) will guest star on Monday, May 14th as Max Penalizer, an anti-hero meting out justice with his Ball Peen Gavel of justice.

Follow “SuperMansion” on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter. Join the conversation with #SuperMansion and #Crackle.

You can stream Season One & Two for Free using the Crackle App or Online

You can catch the trailer here.

Cosplayers at WonderCon

Every year I am amazed at the creativity and perfection that people are able to put into their cosplaying. From exact replicas to character mash-ups, the cosplaying community is able to bring characters and worlds to life whether it is from a popular series or an obscure idea that only a few people know of.

I am also excited that the diversity of cosplayers this year has grown exponentially and I can’t help but thank the positivity and support that so many have been giving. WonderCon itself has had many panels on inclusivity of cosplayers including Copositive: Cosplay with Confidence and Over30Cosplay Costume Advice and Cosplay Support for the Mature Cosplayer.

I am happy that those going to the conventions as adults and those that will grow up with WonderCon will be able to feel confident cosplaying and see those who aren’t represented be responded to with positivity.

Without further ado, here are my favorite Cosplays from WonderCon 2018.

 

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Star Trek Science Officer FTW!
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Hot Luigi? Just go with it.   @cave8theman
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Gorgeous, groovy, glittery Garnet.
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Ten and Four are coming to save us!
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Digging this Star Wars mash-up.
@darthpool20bby and @real_yin_cosplay
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SPUNKY!
@suprdave89

 

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It’s the whole crew!
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Just three buds hanging out.   @lianne507 and @justicevan
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Can you feel the love?
@aweirdonetoo3
@volted_out
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Powdered Toast Man!
(Technically this is from 3 years ago, but it’s a classic)

 

Zahir: Her Ruthless Sheikh Review

ZAHIR - Her Ruthless Sheikh: 50 Loving States, New Jersey (Ruthless Tycoons, #2)ZAHIR – Her Ruthless Sheikh: 50 Loving States, New Jersey by Theodora Taylor
My rating: 5 of 5 stars

Y’all. Have you ever started a book and within one page you know that you’re not going to put it down until the very end? Zahir: Her Ruthless Sheikh does just that, pulling you in until, before you know it, it’s midnight and there’s no way you’re gonna stop now (true story, and why I was struggling at work the next day).

The protagonist of this story is Princess “Prin” Jones, the daughter of hip-hop mogul Majesty Jones turned devoted sister to orphaned twin girls. She finds herself in hot water when she kisses the King of Jahwar, a country in the United Arab Emirates. The only way to remedy this scandal is to have a temporary marriage, in title only. That is, until Zahir decides to train Prin in his way, and his tastes.

Like, this story is hot y’all, and if you enjoy Domination with a sub who can hold her own, then this book is for you. If you like stories that pull you in and make you have butterflies like you’re the one being pursued by a hot sheikh, then run to amazon and press “buy now.” I plan on re-reading this story ASAP—it’s that good.

Update: I’ve already read it again and will read it a third time soon.

View all my reviews

Assassin’s Creed Origin Part 1

Hiya!

The first Assassin’s Creed is my favorite of the series. Once they added guns I stopped playing. All I want to do is drop down into a crowd and assassinate someone without being seen. Thankfully this game goes back to its roots (literally) and takes us to Egypt.

I really hope to get back to this one sooner or later, but until then here is Part 1 of my play-through.